The third largest city of Gujarat is located the bank of the Vishwamitri River, 139 km away from the state of capital Gandhinagar. Vadodara is Sanskrit word which means the belly of the banyan tree. The 18th largest city in India, with an area 235 square km, was the established under the Bombay Provincial Corporation Act 1949, in 1950.
Vadodara is attracting tourists with rich museums, gardens and many places. Today is a large number of tourists visits the city culturally, educationally, industrially and commercially and enjoy the vacation to the maximum level. One of the famous places of Vadodara is Laxmi Villa which was built by Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad; it is known for its architectural beauty. The palace grounds are heaving attraction ranging from Moti Bagh to the Fateh Singh Museum. Kirti Mandir built Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad in 1936 with the use of stone for the external parks and interior by marvels. This temple was dedicated to Lord Shiva. Hazira Maqbara, built during the rule of King Akbar, makes the structure in Mughal style and well-maintained gardens surround these structures.
Kirti Stambh, the tower of victory, represents the iconic symbol of the city. It was built in 1935 by Sayajirao Gaewad in the vicinity of polo ground. It is made in pink songadh stone. It represents the king to leave a life luxury. Partap Villa palace and Lalbaug palace are other most acknowledged names.
Vadodara is also rich in museum. These museums are the link between the past and the present of the city. There is the common element between the different museums but some of the most unique and priceless items from the past and also electric mix items from India and across the world of China, Japan and Egypt are special mention. We see an interesting and very rare collection on Art, Archaeology, Natural History, Ethnology and Geology. The best part of museums in Vadodara the most refined works of old European Master.
In education, Sardar Patel University, Parul Institute of Engineering and Technology University, Vadodara Design Academy, Dr Thakorbhai Patel Girls Commerce College, Swami Vivekanand College, Indira Gandhi National Open University, Indu Nursing School, M S University Of Baroda, Gayatri Vidyalaya, Babaria Institute of Technology, Sigma Institute of Management Studies are the big names.
Vadodara features a wide range of large-scale industries, such as Indian Oil Corporation, Indian Petrochemical Corporation Limited (now owned by Reliance Industries Limited), Gujarat State Fertilizers & Chemicals, Vadodara Stock Exchange (VSE), Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC), Gujarat Alkalis and Chemical Limited, Gujarat Industries Power Company Limited (GIPCL), Bombardier Transportation, and Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL). You must be surprised to know that 35% India’s power transmission and distribution equipment manufacturers (both government and private) are located in this city.
On the opposite side, Vadodara is gradually turning into a hub of IT and other development projects. The city which is known as knowledge city is attracting a large number of the investors to create infrastructure for IT and related companies.